In 1883 the Browns denounced their Brown color and team identity in favor of Red and being called the St. Louis Club. It was met with much criticism around the league, and they went back to Brown the following season. Did the team not let the experiment play out long enough?

In 1899, after the team was sold, they once again changed from Brown to Red. While this time it wasn’t met with the same criticism, it was met with much confusion. Did the team not learn from their mistakes?

Official records tell us the team was called the Perfectos this season, but newspaper accounts call the team many other names. In addition to Perfectos, we also see the newspapers refer to the team as the St. Louis Club, the Red Caps, the Reds, even the Indians, and allegedly later in 1899, the Cardinals. But we have no accounts yet of the team being called Cardinals in 1899. The first appearance of Cardinals we see is early in 1900, but even still in 1900, we have many newspaper writers continuing to call them the Red Caps.

Here is how the names came about.
The team got off to a perfect 7-0 start to the season, hence Perfectos.
The team wore red caps, hence Red Caps.
The team wore red trim, hence Reds.
The team was combined and packed with star players from Cleveland, hence Indians.

We don’t think the team had a true identity in 1899, and we don’t think it’s 100% accurate to call them the Perfectos. It would seem Perfectos was a name attached to them by newspaper writers, and if we use that as a precedent, Red Caps has as much of a claim as Perfectos does.

Cincinnati Enquirer: March 30, 1899
Brown stockings, so long identified with the St. Louis Club, will not be in evidence this season. Tho home suits of the club will be of white flannel, with crimson trimmings, stockings and cap. It will hardly be possible to call them the Browns. The traveling suits will be gray, with crimson trimmings. The new uniform is said to be a very handsome one. Tebeau did not eliminate the brown stockings with malice or forethought, but he is not sorry that It turned out that way. So says that he does not desire any other names beyond that of The St. Louis Club.” “No Browns or Reds or Spiders or Indians for me,” said the manager to-day. “The St. Louis Club is plenty good enough.”

St. Louis Globe Democrat: April 5, 1899
Switching this Cleveland team to St. Louis and starting out with the hurrah that is certain to follow in that city is going to spur those Indians onto more war dances than they have held in two years. They are going to be a tough lot to beat.

St. Louis Post Dispatch: April 16, 1899
The Clevelands had on their traveling suits of white stockings and gray trousers and shirts, a dingy effect contrasted with the new white suits and cardinal stockings and caps of the new St. Louis club. Tebeau’s men made a great hit with the crowd as they swung down the field a second later. The sun was shining brightly to add to the picture. Big Cy Young headed the line, with little Cupid Childs tagging behind. When the procession reached the plate the men wheeled 18 abreast, so the line-up became as an inclined plane. Both teams were applauded in preliminary practice, but it was evident that the crowd didn’t want practice. Championship action was what was demanded.

Nebraska State Journal, April 23, 1899
The St. Louis newspapers are devoting acres of space to the new Tebeau Reds, and the Mound City fans are baseball mad, recalling the flower of Chris Von der Ahe’s days in St. Louis.

Detroit Free Press, May 1, 1899
Nine of Tebeau’s Indians batted .300 or better during the first week of the championship season.  No wonder the team won all of its games.

Pittsburgh Press, May 4, 1899
McKean and Tebeau made six of the 13 hits made by the Red Caps off Pink Hawley yesterday.

Kansas City Times: May 7, 1899
St. Louis’ splendid start in the pennant race has given Pat’s Perfectos a great advantage over Boston, Brooklyn, Chicago and Cincinnati, their most dangerous rivals, says the Sporting News.

Dayton Herald: May 8, 1899
Bass ball is booming in two of the western cities of the National League – St. Louis and Chicago – and is in a healthy condition in Cincinnati and Pittsburgh. The record-breaking crowd of 27,489 at Sunday’s April 30 game between the Chicago and St. Louis clubs, and fine attendance at the Cincinnati games, give Chicago the post honor in patronage. The first eight games played at the St. Louis Park were witnessed by 55,000 spectators, an average daily attendance of close to 7000. The weather was threatening on six of the eight days, and on two of them rain fell. Pat’s Perfectos are drying well, and will continue to have crowds as long as they play first-class ball. Pittsburgh can be depended on for paying patronage.

Harrisburg Daily Independent:  May 8, 1899
The splendid start made by the St. Louis club is gradually being cut down, but they still have a good lead over Boston, Brooklyn and Cincinnati, their most dangerous rivals, while Chicago and the Phillies are tie for second place only twenty-two points behind Pats Perfecto’s. Boston and Brooklyn may be expected to begin to climb soon and once the big B’s start upwards the Perfectos will need all the advantage they may be able to enjoin beforehand…

St. Louis Post-Dispatch: May 25, 1899
This patterning the ball teams after cigar signs is funny.  Now that the Brooklyns have attached to themselves the name of “Superbas,” the St. Louis have been styled the “Perfectos.”

Brooklyn Daily Eagle: July 12, 1899
The red caps and red stockings of the St. Louis team make them very conspicuous on the field. They are no longer the Browns, although the name still adheres to any team representing St. Louis. The members of the team have their old hair still clinging to them, that of loud coaching from the bench.

St. Lous Republic: April 3, 1900
GOOD PRACTICE FOR MR. TEBEAU’S TEAM.
Rochester Athletes Were Too Stiff and Sore to Give the Cardinals an Argument.

St. Louis Post Dispatch: April 19, 1900
Their new suits were the same as their garb of ’99, white with red trimmings, except that the stockings, belt and cap seemed more of a cardinal hue. 

St. Louis Post Dispatch: May 4, 1900
The Red Caps Getting in Form Again and Playing the Right Sort of Baseball.
The second game of the St. Louis series with the Pittsburg Pirates at the Smokey City was captured in easy fashion by the Cardinals on Thursday afternoon.
The final score was 9 to 2.
Burt Jones, the left-handed pitcher of the “Red Caps,” was in fine fettle and he kept the Pittsburgs guessing throughout the game. Jones’ control was excellent. He did not give a free pass to first, or make any other kind of a pitching error. He had great speed and altogether his twirling was magnificent.
“Rube” Waddell made his second appearance on the home grounds for Pittsburg and the touted wonder proved an easy mark the “Red Caps.”
The St. Louisan batted his assortment of speed and curves at will, and whenever a hit was needed it was forthcoming. Mike Donlin was the only “Red Cap” that could …………………ben’s delivery, and as a consequence Mike fanned the atmosphere three out of the five times he faced the eccentric Pirate.
Donlin managed to secure a single, however, his fourth time up. In the end the Californian acquitted himself presentably, accepting the three changes sent his way in good style. 

St. Louis Post Dispatch: May 9, 1900
The second game played by the Cincinnati and St. Louis Clubs at League Park during the present series was won by the Red Caps Tuesday afternoon by the score of 9 to 7.
The game was a good one from a St. Louis hitting standpoint, has the Red Caps connected safely with the sphere with a vengeance throughout the game and succeeded in driving newtons, who began the twirling for Cincinnati, off the rubber in the second inning.
Scott succeeded him and he was also easily found at frequent intervals by the home team.
Gus Weyhing, the old warhorse bat artist of the St. Louis club, occupied the rubber for his team, and he was the Red Cap most responsible for their victory. He was in good form, though a trifle wild, and held his opponent safe throughout the contest. He was as cool as the proverbial cucumber went in a tight place, and it was his self possession, combined with his pitching and the good fielding behind him, that won the game.

St. Louis Post Dispatch: May 15, 1900
THE CHAMPIONS WON
BROOKLYN TAKES THIRD GAME OF FIRST ST. LOUIS SERIES.
The third game of the Brooklyn series was played Monday afternoon at League Park and the champions won by the score of 3 to 2.
Jack Powell pitched for the Red Caps and “Wild Bill” Kennedy for the Superbas.

St. Louis Republic: August 27, 1900
CARDINALS FINALLY BEAT CALLAHAN.
The most pleasing feature of the game is that the Cardinals finally managed to defeat Chicago with Jimmy Callahan opposed to them on the rubber. Callahan has always been effective against St. Louis. In fact, he was looked upon as a hoodoo by the local crowd. No matter how hard he was hit he always managed to scratch his way out at the finish. He has been very lucky against St. Louis, but then Jimmy is a first-class pitcher, and good men are always considered a favorite of the Goddess of Fortune.
Yesterday James had no chance to get away with the game. But even at that he held the score down to a small figure, considering the number of safe hits that were made off his delivery. The fourteen hits made by the Cardinals were scattered throughout the game, and whenever the Hitites commenced to slug. Callahan settled down and handed up things that were mysterious, to say the least. 

The Pittsburgh Press: April 10, 1903
Windy City Lass Named Cardinals
Baseball Writer, Now Dead, Picked Up Nickname From the Lips of a Chicago Girl
St. Louis, April 10. — “How did the Cardinals get their appropriate name?” was asked of manager Donovan by an ardent “fan” after Sunday’s great contest.
“A Chicago girl named them,” was Donovan’s surprising reply.
“Yes,” continued “Patsy,”   “a Windy City lass discovered the cognomen, unconsciously, and ‘Billy’ McHale, then a well-known baseball writer, and at the time official score of the team, was the first to publish it.
“ ‘Billy,’ poor boy, is dead now, but the name that he picked up from the lips of the Chicago girl will live for many a day. McHale accompanied the team to Chicago about the middle of the season in 1900 and sat in the press box during the first game of the series.
“Sitting directly behind him was a young girl, who is keen visage took in everything of interest in the park. Shortly after McHale took his seat, ‘Patsy’ Tebeau and his former Cleveland Spiders trotted out on the grounds.
“Attired in clean gray traveling suits, adorned with bright red trimmings, they presented a pretty picture as they crossed the field.
“nor did the picture escape the bewitching orbits of the Chicago miss, who clapped her hands enthusiastically and exclaimed to her companion: ‘Oh! is’nt that just the loveliest shade of Cardinal!’
“McHale caught the exclamation and a moment later had flashed over the wires to St. Louis in his introduction of the game the intelligence that the ‘Cardinals’ were confident of victory.
“The name was what the sporting scribes and the ‘fans’ had been searching for. A dozen different sobriquets had been applied to the team, but it remained for a Chicago girl to unconsciously select the one that stuck.”

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